Bachelor of Science, We. Reserve University, 1950. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1952.
Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1956.
Teaching assistant, Columbia University, New York City, 1950-1956; assistant professor, Thiel College, Greenville, Pennsylvania, 1956-1958; associate professor, Thiel College, Greenville, Pennsylvania, 1958-1959; instructor, Ohio State University, Columbus, 1959-1960; instructor, International School American, Columbus, 1960-1961; assistant professor, Lake Forest (Illinois) College, 1961-1967; freelance science writer, Lake Forest, 1967-1973; freelance science writer, Highland Park, Illinois, 1973-1991; freelance science writer, Bellingham, Washington, since 1991.
Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, Botanical Society of America, American Institute Biological Science, Sigma Xi.