Diploma, Museum Fine Arts School, Boston, 1949; Bachelor magna cum laude, University of California, San Diego, 1988; Master of Fine Arts in Studio Painting, California State University, Fullerton, 1993.
Teacher, School Organic Education, Fairhope, Alabama, 1950-1952; teacher, Mobile (Alabama) H.S., 1952; teacher, Monteverde School, Costa Rica, 1955-1960; ceramics volunteer, Louisiana Palma Continuation School, Carlsbad, California, 1978-1980; director art program, Magnolia School, Carlsbad, California, 1978-1980; instructor, California State University, Fullerton, 1993; artist, since 1952.
Member Healing Racism/Dialogue, San Diego, 1993-1994.
Married Richard Holmes Caldwell, December 24, 1970 (divorced January 8, 1987). Children: Toni Lauren, Wendy Ann, Andrea Joy, Richard Blake, Spencer Edward.