Johannes Valentinus Andreae was born on August 17, 1586, in Herrenberg, Württemberg. Andreae’s grandfather, Jacob Andreae, was professor of theology and chancellor of Tübingen University. The son of a smith, he has been called the Luther of Württemberg, and was the chief framer of the Formula of Concord (1577). Andreae’s father, Johann, was a Lutheran minister, but seems to have neglected both his family and the ministry to pursue his interest in alchemy. After the father’s death in 1601, Andreae’s mother, Maria Moser Andreae, moved the family to Tübingen. She was also interested in the study of nature, and in her later years gained the position of court apothecary.