Johann Michael Fleischman Edit Profile
His most notable fonts was his complex music font, that was later used to decorate the edges of documents, including the first bank note of the Netherlands called the "roodborstje" or robin. According to the RKD he was also an engraver and had travelled to France in 1727-1728. Fleischman was unable to continue the type foundry on his own, and Rudolf Wetstein ran the business for him, while he continued to work for him as a punchcutter.
Fleischman continued to live in Amsterdam and made fonts for Enschedé as well as other Amsterdam businesses. When Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf developed the first typeface for music in 1755, Enschedé wanted to improve on the idea, and hired Fleischman to create a more flexible and accurate system. Soon after, the first Haarlem songbook Haerlemsche Zangen was published with this font.
Previous songbooks had had their music engraved on copper plates by musicians. The new font was designed to be used by publishers in the same way that typeface could be used to print words, but this idea was not successful, as the musicians who wrote the music needed training in order to use the font. An innovative musician who used the Enschedé-Fleischman font was Leopold Mozart for his Dutch edition of his Instructions to play the violin in 1766.
He died in Amsterdam. After his death, his complex music font was used to create all sorts of designs, not just typefaces. In 1992 a font was commissioned by the Digital Type Library and named after him: DTL Fleischmann.