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Johann Adam Möhler Edit Profile

theologian

Johann Adam Möhler was a German theologian and clergyman.

Background

Johann Möhler was born on May 6, 1796, at Igersheim, in the Duchy of Württemberg.

Education

After studying philosophy and theology in the lyceum at Ellwangen, Möhler entered the University of Tübingen in 1817.

Career

Ordained priest in 1819, he taught church history at the German universities of Tübingen (1826–1835) and Munich (1835–1838). One of his outstanding books is Symbolik ("On the Creeds"), first published in 1832. In this work, as in his earlier volume Die Einheit in der Kirche (1825; “Unity in the Church”), Möhler argued that man’s journey to God could be made only in the church founded by Christ. He sympathized with Protestantism, and his longing for church unity induced him to tour key universities in Germany and Austria and to engage in discourses with contemporary Protestant scholars. His hope that a mutual understanding between Protestants and Roman Catholics would bring about an undivided church has inspired modern ecclesiastics. His other works include Neue Untersuchung der Lehrgegensätze zwischen Katholiken und Protestanten (1834; "New Examination of the Doctrinal Differences Between Catholics and Protestants") and lives of Saints Athanasius the Great and Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury.

Johann Adam Möhler died on April 12, 1838.

Achievements

  • Johann Adam Möhler was an outstanding Roman Catholic church historian, whose theories on and efforts toward uniting the Catholic and Protestant churches made him an important source of ideas for the ecumenical movement of the 20th century.