Johann Philipp Murray was a German historian who was mainly interested in early Nordic studies and the relations between England and Scandinavia.
Johann Philipp Murray was born on 30 July 1726 in Schleswig. He was the oldest son of the Prussian-born preacher and theologian Andreas Murray (1695 - 1771).
Murray was a student in Königsberg in 1742, Uppsala in 1746 and Göttingen in 1747. In 1748 he became a Master of Arts at the University of Göttingen, assistant professor in 1755 and full professor in 1762. He died on 12 January 1776 in Göttingen.