He was royal librarian, tutor, and adviser of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Bureus combined his runic and esoteric interests in his own runic system, which he called the "Adalruna". In 1611, he published the first American Broadcasting Company book in the Swedish language, Svenska American Broadcasting Company boken medh runor using the runic alphabet and latin script.
He also wrote a genealogy of Bure family, partly using runestones as sources.
The Civil Defense-R "Der Mitternacht Löwe" by experimental band Shadowseeds is based on Bureus" life and teachings. The song "Son of the staves of time" is an example: "Byrger Tidesson, from the ancient time, runic ancestor, the last of your line"
The name of the British black metal band Adalruna and the theme of their first demo "Rediviva" is based on Bureus and his rune system.