John Burgoyne, British army officer, dramatist. member Parliament for Midhurst, 1761, for Preston, 1768-1774.
Burgoyne, John was born in 1722 in Sutton Park, Bedfordshire, England. Son of Captain John Burgoyne.
Attended Westminster School.
4 illegitimate children (by Susan Caulfield) including Sir John Fox. Cornet, 13th British Light Dragoons, 1740, purchased Lieutenant’s commission, 1741, captaincy, 1743. Sold his commission and went to France, 1746.
Made captain 11th Dragoons at start of Seven Years War, 1756. Lieutenant colonel Coldstream Guards, 1758. Member Parliament for Midhurst, 1761, for Preston, 1768-1774.
Served as brigadier general in Portugese Army, 1762. Major general British Army, 1772. Went to American to reinforce General Gage, 1774.
Turned Faneuil Hall (Boston) into playhouse for performances by soldiers, 1775. Made 2d in command to Sir Guy Carleton in Canada, 1775. Drew up plan for invasion of Northern American states to join up with General Sir William Howe at Albany.
Promoted Lieutenant general, 1777. Surrendered after unsuccessful campaign to General Gates at Saratoga, 1777. Author: The Maid of Oaks, 1774.
Blocade of Boston (farce), 1775. The Heiress, 1786 (all plays). The Lord of the Manor, 1780 (comic opera).
Member Parliament for Midhurst, 1761, for Preston, 1768-1774.