However, they soon established the family company and moved out of London to Essex. Foreign two centuries the family has been associated with the Braintree area of Essex, in Pebmarsh, Halstead, Gosfield and Bocking. The silk and crepe manufacture thrived and the development of rayon and other artificial fibres made the company one of the leading textile companies in Britain, if not the world.
The wealth that came with this success enabled many family members to pursue successful careers in politics and in the arts
John Courtauld was the third son of Sydney Courtauld (10 March 1840 - 20 October 1899) and Sarah Lucy Sharpe (1844–1906). He was duly re-elected at the general elections of 1929, 1931 and 1935, until his death in 1942, aged 62.