Bachelor, Stanford University, 1961. Master of Arts, San Francisco State University, 1967. Diploma, Johns Hopkins S.A.I.S., Bologna, Italy, 1975.
Doctor of Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1983.
Lecturer University Hawaii, Honolulu, 1967-1968. United States foreign service officer United States Information Agency, Senegal, Belgium, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Italy, France, 1968-1977. Lecturer University Massachusetts, Boston, 1980-1981.
Associate professor American Graduate School International Management, Glendale, Arizona, 1982-1990. Senior lecturer international management University Hong Kong, 1991—1997. Visiting lecturer politics Copenhagen University, 1997.
Visiting professor Asia Research Center, Copenhagen Business School, 1997—1999. Project director United States-China Education Foundation, New York City, 2000—2002. Adjunct faculty department political science Columbia University, 2002—2003.
Associate professor department economics Brooklyn College, City University of New York, since 2002. Faculty Center Global Affairs, New York University, since 2005. Visiting professor Institute for International Studies and Training, Japan, 1987, University International Business and Economics, Beijing, 1984, 88.
Consultant, lecturer Hong Kong, China, Vietman.
With United States Navy, 1961-1964, Philippines, Vietnam.
Married Veronica Medical Corps Li, July 1, 1967. Children: Karen, Paul, William.