He attended the common schools, and graduated from Columbia College in New York City. Then he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1802.
Bowers commenced practice in Cooperstown, and moved to his country home, "Lakelands," near Cooperstown, New York, in 1805. He was declared elected as a Federalist to the 13th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Representative-elect William Dowse and served as United States Representative for the fifteenth district of New York from June 21, 1813 to December 20, 1813. When Isaac Williams, Junior., who had contested the election, was declared entitled to the seat.
Afterwards Bowers resumed his practice of law in Cooperstown.
Bowers died on February 24, 1846, in Cooperstown, New New York And was buried at the Lakewood Cemetery there.