John Newton, American army officer, engineer. member National Academy Sciences; member American Society C.E.
Newton, John was born on August 24, 1823 in Norfolk, Virginia, United States. Son of Thomas and Margaret (Jordan) Pool Newton.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1842. Doctor of Laws, St. Francis Xavier College, 1886.
Commissioned Second lieutenant Corps Engineers, 1842. Assistant to Board of Engineers. Assistant professor engineering United States Military Academy.
First lieutenant, 1852, captain 1856. Chief engineer Utah Expedition, 1858. Chief engineer Department of Pennsylvania and Department of Shenandoah.
Commissioned brigadier general United States Volunteers, 1861. Constructed Fort Lyon. Commanded brigade at West Point, Virginia, also at battles of Gaines’ Mill, Glendale, South Mountain, and Antietam, 1862.
Major general; brevetted lieutenant colonel, colonel, brigadier general, major general of volunteers, 1863-1864. Major general United States Army. Lieutenant colonel engrs., 1865, colonel, 1879, brigadier general and chief engrs., 1884.
Commissioner public works of New York City, 1886. President Panama Railroad Company, 1888-1895. Member National Academy Sciences.
Honorary member American Society C.E.
Member National Academy Sciences. Member American Society C.E.