John Nicholson was an officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War.
The son of Joseph and Hannah Scott Nicholson, he was born in Chestertown, Maryland.
John Nicholson entered the Continental Navy as Lieutenant in October 1776 and the next month was promoted to Captain to command sloop Hornet. He was active in public affairs for many years in Maryland, where he died in the summer of 1844. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
After the war, he was elected as a member of the Maryland Society of the Cincinnati in 1786.