John Lewis Phipps, of Leighton House, Westbury, Wiltshire, was a Brazil merchant, briefly Conservative Member of Parliament for Westbury and High Sheriff of Wiltshire.
He was the second son of Thomas Henry Hele Phipps (1777–1841), of Leighton House, Westbury, Wiltshire, and Mary Michael Joseph Leckonby (1777–1835).
Despite a number of alarms, the business eventually flourished, becoming for a while one of the largest coffee exporters from Brazil. Phipps was part-owner of a cargo of coffee shipped from Rio de Janeiro in the Amy Warwick, a merchant vessel that was captured by Unionist forces on 10 July 1861, at the outset of the American Civil War. The resulting legal case ended up in the United States. Supreme Court in 1862.
Willes J held that, although Phipps himself was personally innocent of any corrupt practice, his agent, Harrop, had carried out acts of intimidation on voters.
He died in 1870.
20th United Kingdom Parliament]
In 1868, Phipps was elected as the Conservative Member of Parliament (Member of Parliament) for Westbury, but the election result was declared void as a result of a petition brought by the unsuccessful Liberal Party candidate, Mr Abraham Laverton.