He represented Fortune Bay and Hermitage in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly from 1949 to 1962 as a Liberal. The son of George R. and Jane Courage, he was born in Long Harbour Beach, Fortune Bay and educated in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, in Pass Islands and at Memorial University. Courage taught school from 1931 to 1945.
In 1945, he was named principal of the Adult Education Centre.
Courage was called to the Newfoundland bar in 1953. He served as speaker for the House of Assembly from 1957 until 1962, when he resigned his seat to become chairman of the Newfoundland Civil Service Commission.
Courage married Mary Keeping. The couple had two sons.