Samuel graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1939.
He would attend Beloit College. During World World War II he served with the 391st Bombardment Group and later was given command of the 322d Bombardment Group. Conflicts he took part in include the Invasion of Normandy, the Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, the Battle of the Bulge, and the Western Allied invasion of Germany.
Following the war he became and instructor at the United States Military Academy and later was assigned to The Pentagon.
Later he was given command of Carswell Air Force Base, the 816th Air Division, and helped conduct Operation Dominic I and World War II In 1963 he was named Director of the United States. Air Force Office of Special Investigations. Later he was assigned to the Office of the United States Secretary of Defense.
His retirement was effective as of August 1, 1972.