He graduated in 1812, became a Vinerian Scholar and was soon after made a fellow of Exeter College.
In 1819 he was called to the bar at the Middle Temple and practised for some years on the western circuit. In 1824, on William Gifford"s retirement, he assumed the editorship of the Quarterly Review, resigning it a year afterwards in favour of John Gibson Lockhart. In 1825 he published a well regarded edition of William Blackstone"s Commentaries, and in 1832 he was made a serjeant-at-law and recorder of Exeter.
In 1835 he was appointed one of the judges of the King"s Bench.
Stockdale v. Hansard
Sir John Taylor Coleridge"s brothers were James Duke Coleridge and Henry Nelson Coleridge, the latter the husband of Sara Coleridge.
In 1852 his university created him a Data Control Language, and in 1858 he resigned his judgeship, and was made a member of the Privy Council, entitling him to sit on the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Coleridge was a member of the Canterbury Association from 24 June 1851.