He graduated from the University of Missouri in 1860.
He was admitted to the bar in 1862 and practiced law in Sedalia, Missouri. While in Congress he was chairman, Committee on District of Columbia (Fifty-third Congress). Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress.
Delegate to the 1904 Democratic National Convention.
He died while on a visit to Los Angeles, California, January 27, 1927. Interment in Crown Hill Cemetery in Sedalia.
He was a member of the Missouri State House of Representatives in 1872–1875. Missouri State Senate in 1880–1884. Employed in 1881 by the fund commissioners of the State to prosecute and adjust all claims of the State against the General Government.