The other members all died by the bullet, either from the police or private citizens. William Vane"s father, Stephen, arrived in the NSW colony as a convict in 1803. William"s mother, Elizabeth Mandeville, arrived as a convict in 1809.
Ann Vane"s father, Thomas Miller, was a Sergeant in the 73rd regiment.
After arriving in the colony the Miller family took up grants near Bathurst where the Miller and Vane families were introduced. Around 1840 William and Ann Vane took their young family to the rich farming region near Singleton.
The family stayed for six years before relocating back to the Bathurst district. John worked as a shepherd on various properties in the mountainous Abercrombie Ranges.
He often helped his father who was primarily employed as a timber cutter and splitter.
By 1854 the Vane family were living on land belonging to Thomas Radburn at Neville. The property would formally be transferred to the Vane family in 1866. Many significant events occurred at the family home, "Wattle Grove":
Two of John Vane"s sisters were married there
John Vane was married there
Both of John Vane"s parents died there
There is now nothing left of "Wattle Grove", as it had fallen into disrepair by the mid 20th century, and has since been demolished.
Only a small stand of ornamental and fruit trees indicates the location of where the Vane family home once stood.
As a teenager John began an apprenticeship with a Bathurst blacksmith. He left that job after two years and went gold prospecting, spending about eighteen months on the goldfields around Hill End.
The trio, being experienced horse and cattle men, soon found themselves supplying local and neighbouring communities with stolen horses and cattle, an occupation rewarded with handsome profits. They joined the gang and took part in many robberies.
Vane was persuaded by a local priest to surrender to police and turned himself in to Superintendent Morrisset at Bathurst.
He was tried in April 1864 and received a sentence of 15 years for Robbery Under Arms and was released in February 1870. He remained in Sydney for a few years before returning to the western districts and resuming his old criminal ways. He received five years gaol for sheep stealing at Bathurst in 1880 and was released in August 1884.
Afterwards, he found work at a number of local properties in the Abercrombie Ranges.
Vane died from Illeo-colitis, or Crohn"s Disease, on 30 January 1906 at Cowra hospital and was buried the following day at Woodstock cemetery. A memorial plaque has been erected at the site believed to be where he was buried.
Vane"s wife, Jane (née Parker), is also buried in an unmarked grave in the same cemetery.
Vane was the only member of the gang of 1863 to survive. Infant members of the Vane extended family are buried in unmarked graves there. In early 1863 Vane and Mickey Burke met John Gilbert and John O"Meally, members of Ben Hall"s gang who had heard of their exploits.