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John Winthrop

colonial governor

John Winthrop, British colonial governor. member).


Winthrop, John was born on February 23, 1606 in Groton, Suffolk, England. Son of John and Mary (Forth) Winthrop.


Attended Trinity College, Dublin. Studied law in London.


Admitted to Inner Temple, London, England., 1625. Arrived in New England, 1631. Elected assistant Massachusetts General Court, 1631.

A founder Ipswich (Massachusetts), 1633. In England, 1634-1635, received appointment as governor Connecticut settlements, became governor Connecticut, 1636. Returned to Massachusetts, established residence at Salem, 1639.

Went to England to gain capital for promotion of foundry venture, 1641. Built furnaces at Lynn and Braintree, Massachusetts, 1644. Magistrate of Pequot (later New London), Connecticut, 1648.

Moved to Connecticut permanently, 1649. Made freeman of Connecticut, 1650. Elected assistant Connecticut General Court, 1651.

Governor Connecticut, 1657-1658, 59-76, deputy governor, 1658-1659. More successful mission to England to secure new and more liberal charter for Connecticut, 1661-1663. Became member Royal Society, 1663 (1st American member).




Married Martha Jones, February 8, 1631. Married second, Elizabeth Reade, October 6, 1635.

John Winthrop

Mary (Forth) Winthrop

Martha Jones

Elizabeth Reade