Bachelor, Manhattan College, New York City, 1960. Master of Arts, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1961. Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1967.
Postgraduate, University Freiburg, Germany, 1962—1963.
Yacht captain various pleasure craft, 1965—1986. Assistant professor German Lamar State University, Beaumont, Texas, 1965—1966, University Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, 1967—1974. Purser various cruise ships, Miami, 1976—1981.
Freelance journalist, 1982—2006.
Member of American Civil Liberties Union, Elks.