Bachelor of Arts, Columbia, 1941; Doctor of Philosophy, University of California at Berkeley, 1949.
Member faculty, U. Florida, 1949-1965;
professor of history, U. Florida, 1956-1965;
department chairman, U. Florida, 1962-1965;
chairman high honors studies, U. Florida, 1961-1965;
dean, U. Miami Graduate School, Coral Gables, Florida, 1965-1972;
dean faculties, U. Miami Graduate School, 1972-1974;
senior academic dean, U. Miami Graduate School, 1974-1981;
distinguished professor of history, U. Miami Graduate School, 1974-1981. Adjunct professor of history U. Florida, since 1981. Member United States delegate International Congress Orientalists, Moscow, 1961, New Delhi, 1964.
Member committee language and areastudies Southern Regional Education Board, since 1963. Member American advisory board Japan Foundation, since 1975.
Served to lieutenant United States Naval Reserve, 1942-1946, PTO. Member Association Asian Studies (director).
Married Clarice Troth, Jan, 18, 1943.