AB magna cum laude with excptl. distinction in History (Robert E. Lee scholar), Washington and Lee University, 1960. Master of Arts (Southern fellow), Duke University, 1962. Doctor of Philosophy (Southern fellow), Duke University, 1964.
Assistant professor, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1967-1970; associate professor, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1970-1976; professor, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1976-1991; department chairman history, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1970-1991; director, acting department chairman languages and literature, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1988-1991; retired, U. Alabama, Huntsville, 1991; director, secretary-treasurer, Consortium on Revolutionary Europe, 1972-1986. European travel consultant, since 1991.
Board dirs Alabama Preservation Alliance, 1989-1998, Alabama committee humanitites National Endowment of the Humanities, 1979-1982, member executive committee, 1980-1981. Vice chairman board Alabama Constitution Hall, 1979-1981, chairman board directors, 1982-1984. Board directors Alabama Humanities Foundation, 1985-1989, vice chairman board 1988-1989.
Associate Alabama Humanities, 1982-1985. President Alliance Francaise, 1970. Active Huntsville Literature Association, Huntsville Museum Association Served to captain.
Member Alabama Association Historians (president 1978-1980), Alabama History Society, Consortium on Revolutionary Europe, Phi Alpha Theta (National Scholarship medal 1991), Phi Kappa Phi, Omicron Delta Kappa (Founder's Day Leadership award 1991), Phi Sigma Iota (National Service award 1991). Clubs: Rotary.
Married Carolyn R. West, July 6, 1963.