Trinity College, University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, 1950). University of Toronto (Bachelor of Laws, 1953). Osgoode Hall. Appointed Queen’s Counsel, 1968.
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, ON) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Corporate and Commercial, Mergers and Acquisitions, Securities, Trade. Admitted to the bar, 1955, Ontario. Appointed Queen's Counsel, 1968.
Canadian Bar Association. The Canadian Tax Foundation.