Bachelor in Biochemistry, University Cambridge, 1966. Master of Arts, University Cambridge, 1970. Master of Business Administration in Finance, Wharton School, University Pennsylvania, 1973.
Master of Arts in Economics, University Pennsylvania, 1977.
Various manufacturing management positions, Pfizer Ltd., London and Sandwich, England, 1966-1969; technical marketing manager, United Molasses Company, London, 1969-1971; various planning and development positions, finance and general management, Sandoz Group, United States and Europe, 1974-1982; director acquisitions, Allied Chemical Company, Morristown, New Jersey, 1982-1983; director business development, Allied-Signal, Inc., Morristown, 1983-1986; president, chairman, Commonwealth Investment Company, Inc., West Orange, New Jersey, since 1986; director, Penrice Ltd., Adelaide, South Australia, since 1989; deputy chairman, Penrice Ltd., Adelaide, South Australia, 1991-1995; deputy chairman, Brunner Mond Holdings Ltd., Northwich, Cheshire, England, 1991-1995; chief executive, Brunner Mond Holdings Ltd., Northwich, Cheshire, England, since 1995.
Member Northwest Business Leadership Team, England, since 1995.