Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Calvin College, 1935; ThB, Calvin Seminary, 1938; Master of Theology in Ethics, Princeton Theological Seminary, 1939; Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy of Religion magna cum laude, Princeton Theological Seminary, 1947; postgraduate, University of Chicago, 1951; postgraduate, Ohio State University, 1957-1958.
Pastor various churches, Lansing, Michigan, Muskegon, Michigan, Wheaton, Illinois and Holland, Michigan, since 1942. Professor religion, philosophy Wheaton College, Ohio State University, Indiana University, Defiance (Ohio) College and Hope College, Michigan, since 1942. Pastor Presbyterian Church (United States of America), 1965-1978.
Chairman religion and philosophy department Defiance College, 1970-1988, head humanities division, 1972-1978. Director Wheaton Philosophical Conference, 1951-1960. Lecturer in field.
Married Marian Elizabeth Stehouwer, September 1, 1938.