Bachelor maxima cum laude, Loras College, 1963. Licentiate in Sacred Theology, Gregorian University, Rome, 1967. Doctor of Canon Law, Catholic University America, 1977.
Doctor of Divinity (honorary), Apostolic See, Vatican City, 1987.
Ordained priest Diocese of Peoria, Illinois, 1966. Assistant pastor Holy Family Parish, Peoria, 1967-1970. Assistant department international affairs United States Catholic Conference, Washington, 1970-1971.
Associate pastor St. Matthew Parish, Champaign, Illinois, 1971-1974. Administrator St. Mary's Cathedral, Peoria, 1977—1978, 1984. Vice chancellor Diocese of Peoria, 1977-1978, vocation director, 1977-1987, chancellor, 1978-1987, vicar general, 1982-1990, member Presbyteral Council, 1968—1970, 1984—1990, board Consultors, 1978—1990.
Ordained bishop, 1987. Coadjutor bishop Diocese of Peoria, 1987-1990, bishop, 1990—2001. Superior Mission of Turks & Caicos, Turks and Caicos Islands, since 2001.
Archbishop Archdiocese of Newark, New Jersey, since 2001. Board governors Canon Law Society of America, Washington, 1985-1987. Board directors National Catholic Bio Ethics Center, Boston, since 1999, board governor.
Member seminary committee Mount St. Mary's Seminary, Maryland, 1989-1994. Board trustees Catholic University American, Washington, 1999-2005. Seminary committee, finance committee, Ad Hoc Committee for By-Laws., Cat.
University American, Washington. Seminary board Kenrick-Glennon of the Archdiocese of St. Louis.
Member Canon Law Society America, National Conference Catholic Bishops. (canonical affairs committee 1988-2002, committee shrines and pilgrimages 1990-2007, vocations committee 1995-1998, aid to Eastern Europe committee since 1999, ad hoc committee on sexual abuse 2002, Hispanic affairs committee since 2002), Pontifical Council Legislative Tips, USCCB Committee Canonical Affair (chair 2005-2008).