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John Kells INGRAM


John Kells INGRAM, Irish economist. Founder, State and Social Enquiry Society Ireland; Editor, Hermathena.


INGRAM, John Kells was born in 1823 in Temple Carne, Donegal, Ireland.


Bachelor of Arts Trinity College, University Dublin, 1843.


A firm adherent of Comte and spokesman for historical economics in Britain, who also shone in the fields of law, literature, the classics and mathematics. His attack on classical economics encompassed its methodology and its conclusions. The latter he characterised as apologies for the employing classes.

His History.. was extremely successful, being frequently translated and serving as a textbook till the 1920s. Its polemical Comtist tone now renders it obsolete. In it Ingram is drawn into extreme positions, such as his condemnation of mathematical economics as completely sterile.

Fellow, Professor Oratory, Regius Professor Greek, Librarian, ViceProvost, Trinity College, University Dublin, 1846, 1852, 1866-1877, 1879-1887, 1898-1899.


  • Founder, State and Social Enquiry Society Ireland. Editor, Hermathena.