Student, University of California at Los Angeles, 1942-1945; student, University Southern California, 1946-1948.
Set designer, 20th Century Fox, Los Angeles, 1945-1953; assistant art director films, Oklahoma], Guys and Dolls, Los Angeles, 1954-1956; art director Directions, ABC, New York City, 1958-1975; freelance art director films, The Wiz, Gloria, Godfather II, New York City, 1974-1980; freelance art director television specialists including They Said It With Music, Columbia Broadcasting System, Los Angeles, 1977-1978; freelance art director television specialists including Ceremonies in Dark, Old Men, ABC, New York City, 1979; freelance art director films Ragtime, DeLaurentis Prodns., New York City, 1981-1982; freelance art director films Silkwood, Paramount Pictures, New York City, Dallas, 1983-1984; freelance art director films A Chorus Line: The Movie, Embassy Films, New York City, 1985-1986; set designer film The Untouchables, Paramount Pictures, Chicago, 1988. Lecturer on film and television education U. Hawaii, Honolulu, 1987-1991, lecturer art director in film, 1991.
Member United Scenic Artists, Hawaii Watercolor Society, Association Hawaii Artists, History Hawaii Foundation, Royal Viking Skald Club, Pres's. Club of University Hawaii, Circumnavigators Club. Clubs: Circumnavigators (Honolulu).