John Mosher Bailey was an American politician who represented New York in the United States House of Representatives from 1878-1881.
Bailey, John Mosher was born on August 24, 1838 in Bethlehem, New York, United States.
He attended the public schools, and Hudson River Institute at Claverack, New York. He graduated from Union College, Schenectady, New York in 1861.
During the American Civil War, he entered the Union Army as a first lieutenant and adjutant of the One Hundred and Seventy-seventh Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, and served in the Department of the Gulf in 1862. After his service in the war, he graduated from the Albany Law School in 1864 and was admitted to the bar the same year. He commenced practice in Albany, New York.
He was the assistant district attorney of Albany County, New York 1865–1867, the collector of internal revenue from 1871 to 1874, and the district attorney of Albany County from 1874 to 1877. Bailey was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Terence J. Quinn representing the sixteenth district of New York. And was reelected to the Forty-sixth Congress.
He served from November 5, 1878, to March 3, 1881, and was not a candidate for renomination in 1880. After leaving Congress, Bailey was the United States consul to Hamburg, Germany, by appointment of President James Garfield, and served in that capacity from 1881 to 1885. He served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1888 and was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison as surveyor of customs at Albany, New York from 1889 to 1894.
He resumed the practice of law. He died in Albany, New York. Bailey died in Albany, Albany County, New York, on February 21, 1916 (age 77 years, 181 days).
He is interred at Elmwood Cemetery, Bethlehem, New York.