Bachelor of Arts Missouri, 1947. Bachelor of Journalism, University Missouri, 1948.
Reporter Spirit Lake Beacon, Iowa, 1937. Assistant editor Barrick Public Company, 1948-1950. Member Washington staff Wall St. Journal, 1951-1952.
White House correspondent United States News and World Report, 1953-1974, senior editor, 1974-1976, congressional correspondent, 1976-1980, associate editor special assignments, 1980-1985.
Chairman board trustees Merriman Smith Memorial Fund, 1972. Served to lieutenant Field Artillery, Army of the United States, World World War II, P.T.O. Member White House Corrs. Association (president 1971-1972), Military Order Carabao.
Clubs: Cosmos (Washington), National Press (Washington). Old Dominion Boat (Alexandria, Virginia).
Married Virginia Claire Shockley, October 19, 1942.