University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, 1960). Osgoode Hall (Bachelor of Laws, 1963). Appointed Queen’s Counsel, 1980.
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, ON) specializing in Banking and Financial Institution Lending, Competition and Antitrust, Corporate and Commercial, Marketing, Advertising and Franchising, Mutual Funds. Admitted to the bar, 1965, Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. The Canadian Tax Foundation. International Bar Association.