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John Randolph Bray Edit Profile

motion picture producer.

John Randolph Bray, American motion picture producer. Recipient citation for patriotic civilian service to Department of Army, 1956, citation as animation pioneer World Retrospective on Animation, 1967.


Bray, John Randolph was born on August 25, 1879 in Addison, Michigan, United States. Son of Review Edward A. and Sarah Priscilla (Haire) Bray.


Student Alma (Michigan) College, 1895-1896.


1 son, Paul A. Artist Detroit Evening News, 1901, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 1903-1904. Contributor cartoons to Life, Puck, Judge, McClure Newspaper Syndicate European humorous mags., 1905-1913. Invented and developed animated motion picture cartoon processes.

Introduced first animated cartoon in theatres, 1912. Patented processes by which animated cartoons are made. Organized Bray-Hurd Process Company, 1914, to issue licenses under these patents.

Put into this company his three basic patents, and one patent by Earl Hurd covering an improvement. Organized Chairman of the Board Bray Studios Inc., 1914, to produce animated cartoons in quantity. Developed and also introduced animated technical drawing, 1916.

During World War I, pioneered use motion pictures to expedite training of draft army. Made over 100 training films for same. Have continued production for Navy and Air Force since.

Producer training, educational, commercial and documentary films.


Married Margaret Till, August 25, 1905.

Review Edward A. Bray

Sarah Priscilla (Haire) Bray

Margaret Till