Bachelor, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, 1949. Master of Arts, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, Indiana University, 1955.
Assistant professor English Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 1954—1964. Associate professor English Grand Valley State College, Allendale, 1964—1968. Professor English King's College, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 1968—1971, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1971—1990, English professor emeritus, 1990.
Supervisor English Program for Disadvantaged Pre-College Youth, Indiana Colleges Training Program, Kalamazoo, 1968. Specialist, Adult Basic Education Teacher Training Institute, Wilkes-Barre, 1971. Consultant Consultant Cadre, Right to Read, State of Pennsylvania, 1977-1978.
With United States Navy, 1944-1946, PTO. Member of Modern Language Association, Association Literature Scholars and Critics & Writers.
Married Barbara Ann Krohn, September 11, 1948. Children: David Eric, Alaric James.