Bachelor of Arts, Rutgers University, 1956; Master of Business Administration, Rutgers University, 1963.
Advertising research manager, Union Carbide Corporation, New York City, 1959-1965; research manager, Business Week, New York City, 1965-1966; vice president, Opinion Research Corporation, Princeton, New Jersey, 1966-1980; president, American Economics Foundation, Cleveland, since 1981; trustee, American Economics Foundation, Cleveland, since 1975; vice-president, director, Americans for Competitive Enterprise System, Philadelphia, 1970-1982.
Political pollster Ed Clark for United States President, 1980. Chairman New Jersey Libertarianparty, 1983. National director United States Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1965-1966, vice president New Jersey, 1964-1965.
Served to First lieutenant United States Army, 1957-1959. Member Junior Chamber International (honorary life), Philosophean Society, Scabbard and Blade, Delta Phi Alpha.
Married Gertrud Rosa Fleischmann, June 14, 1958. Children: Sylvia F., John Stephen, Karen D., Kristen H.