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Jonas Basanavicius

historian , politician , writer

Jonas Basanavicius, USSR Politician, writer, historian.


Basanavicius, Jonas was born on November 23, 1851 in the village of Ozhkabalai near Vylkovyshki in Lithuania.


Graduated in medicine from Moscow University, 1879.


Moved to Bulgaria, where he worked as a doctor. Returned to Lithuania, 1905. Founded the first Lithuanian newspaper, Ausra, 1883 (published illegally in East Prussia).

Director of the Ethnographical Museum in Wilno (Vilnius), 1919. Collected and published 9 volumes of Lithuanian folk songs and fairy tales. Widely respected Lithuanian nationalist leader.

During World War II commander in the Black Sea Navy, rising to Commander-in-chief, 1948. Deputy Commander of the Soviet Navy, 1951. Retired, 1960.


Religious edicts impose irrational rules on people’s behaviour.


Strong communist party can create a new and better society with neither rich nor poor.