Bachelor, Binghamton University, New York, 1979. Master of Arts, Binghamton University, New York, 1983. Doctor of Philosophy, University Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1994.
Adjunct professor John Jay College Criminal Justice, New York City, 1983. Visiting lecturer Macalester College, St. Paul, 1988—1989. Assistant professor Metropolitan State University, 1989—1991, Minnesota State University Mankato, 1991—1996.
Chair, caribbean studies committee Conference Latin American History, San Diego, 2005—2007. Board member State Minnesota Department Education, St. Paul.
Honorary member Puerto Rican Family Institute, New York City, 1970—1971. Member of State of MIch. Humanities Council.
Married Terri Veronica Williams. Children: Marcus Antonio, Mateo Luis, Monica Ashley.