Master of Science in Political Science, University Helsinki, 1976. Master of Science in Economics, London School of Economics, 1978. Master of Science in Engineering, Helsinki University of Technology, 1981.
Doctor of Philosophy (honorary), University Helsinki, 1995. Distinguished Service Cross (honorary), Helsinki University of Technology, 1998.
Account manager Citibank (National Association), London, 1978-1980. Accountant officer Citibank Oy, 1980—1982, member board management, 1983—1985. Vice president international operations Nokia corporation, 1985—1986, member group executive board, since 1986, senior vice president finance, 1986—1989, deputy member board directors, 1989-1990, president, Nokia Mobile Phones Salo, Finland, 1990-1992, president, Chief Executive Officer Finland, 1992-1999, chairman group executive board Finland, 1992—2006, also board director Finland, since 1995, chairman board directors, Chief Executive Officer Finland, 1999—2006, chairman Finland, since 2006, Royal Dutch Shell, since 2006.
Vice president European Union Reflection Group, since 2007. Board directors Ford Motor Company, 2000-2008, International Computers Limited plc, 1992-2000. Member Music Television Oy, chairman board, 1993-1997,, European Roundtable of Industrialists, since 1997, international board United World Colleges, since 1995, United Nations Information and Communications Technology Task Force, GBDe Business Steering Committee, since 1999, and others.
Member supervisor board Tietotehdas Oy, 1992-1995, Pohjola Insurance Company Ltd., 1992-1997, NKF Holding N.V., 1992-1999, Oy Rastor Ab, 1992-1993, Sampo Insurance Company Ltd., 1993-2000, Pension-Varma Mutual Insurance Company, 1993-1998, Merita Bank Ltd.(former Union Bank of Finland, Ltd.), 1994-2000. Chairman board director and supervisory board, Finnish Business and Policy Forum EVA, since 2004, Research Institute Finnish Economy ETLA, since 2004. Vice-chairman board directors UPM-Kymmene Corporation, 2008, Otava Books and Magazines Group Ltd., since 1996.
Non-executive chairman Shell, 2006.
Member Planning Board for Defense Economic, 1992-1996, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Technology Delegation, 1992-1995, Science and Technology Policy Council Finland, 1993-2002, Dean's council John F. Kennedy School Government Harvard University, since 1995. Member supervisor board Foundation Pediatrics Research, 1993-1998, Savonlinna Opera Festival Promotional Association Church Delaware, 1993-2002, chairman, since 1996, Association Finnish Cultural Foundation, executive board, since 1993. Board director and executive committee Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers (Trust Territories), 1992-2002, deputy chairman board 1995-2002, World Wildlife Fund Finland, 1995-1997.
Member council State Technology Research Center, 1992-1993, Center for Finnish Business and Policy Studies EVA, 1993-2001. Board director Economic Information Bureau, 1993-1997. Vice-chairman board International Chamber of C.(Finnish Section), 1993-1997.
Chairman supervisor board Finnish Foreign Trade Association, 1993-1998. Member council supervisors, Research Institute of Finnish Economy ETLA, 1993-2000. Vice-chairman advisory committee 1993-1995, Helsinki University Technology, chairman since 1996.
Council member Helsinki School Economic and Business Administration, 1993-1998. Member executive bd.Assn. for the Finnish Cultural Foundation, 1993-1999. Member delegate, Finnish-Swedish Chamber of C., since 1993.
Overseas advisory trustee, American-Scandinavian Foundation, since 1994. Member Competitiveness Advisory Group, European Commission, 1995-1996. Member international board, United World College since 1995.
Member Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (honorary), confederation Finnish Industries and Employers (member board directors executive committee since 1992, deputy chairman 1995-2002), Finnish-Swedish Chamber of Commerce, Association Finnish Cultural Found, State Technology Research Center, Economic Information Bureau, Center for Finnish Business and Policy Studies EVA, Science and Technology Policy Council, Minister Trade and Industry (technical delegate), Savonlinna Opera Festival Promotional Association, American-Scand Foundation (overseas advisory trustee), National Union Finnish Students (chairman 1973-1974), Planning Board Defense Economic, State Technology Research Center, Finnish Foreign Trade Association (chairman supervisor board 1993-1998), International Chamber of C. (vice-chairman board Finnish section 1993-1997), others. Fellow (honorary) London School of Economics and Political Science.
Married Liisa Annikki Metsola. Children: Jaakko, Anna, Matti.