Master of Science in Organic Chemistry, Helsinki University, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Helsinki University, 1954. Postgraduate, Sorbonne University, Paris, 1953.
Postgraduate, University California, Berkeley, 1956. Postgraduate, Oxford University, 1958.
Research engineer fire laboratory State Technology Research Center, 1945-1947. Assistant, project leader Bio-chemical Institute, Helsinki, 1948-1964. Professor radiochemistry University Helsinki, 1964-1981, 83-87.
Professor military science, research director Institute Military Science Finnish Defense Forces, 1982-1983. Retired, 1987
Head department radiochemistry University Helsinki, 1964-1987. Academician, 1995.
President Finnish Academy of Sciences and Letters, 1988-1989, Finnish Pugwash Committee, since 1970. Major Finnish Army Reserve. Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Chemical Society, Academy Technology Sciences Finland.
Married Irja Kaisa Kolvisto, June 23, 1943 (deceased 1980). Children: Seppo, Hannu. Married Eeva Maria Louhi, April 18, 1996.