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Government official , Lawyer , President

José Pardo y Barreda was a Peruvian politician to become twice President of the country. He served his full terms as the 39th and 43d President of Peru in 1904-1908 and 1915-1919.


José Pardo y Barreda was born on 24 February 1864 in Lima. He was a son of Manuel Pardo y Lavalle, Peru’s first full-term civilian president.


He was awarded a B.A. in literature (1883), a doctorate in political science (1885), and the professional title of lawyer in 1886 from San Marcos University, where he taught international law from 1903 to 1904.


He was minister of foreign relations from 1903 to 1904, when he was nominated presidential candidate of the Partido Civil founded by his father. After his first administration, Pardo lived in Europe for five years. Upon his return to Lima in 1914, he was elected president of San Marcos University. The following year, he was again his party’s successful candidate. His second administration ended with a preventive coup by Augusto B. Leguia, the winner of the 1919 general elections. Pardo lived in Europe from 1919 to 1940.

He died in Lima.