Bachelor of Science in Social Science, City College of New York, 1949; Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1950; Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1958.
Teacher social studies New York City Board of Education, 1950-1955, 56-57. Lecturer economics City College of New York, 1955. University fellow New York University, New York City, 1955-1956, 57-58.
Consultant economist Department Commerce, Washington, 1958-1959. Assistant professor to professor history William Paterson University New Jersey, Wayne, 1958-1992, professor emeritus, since 1992. Visiting associate professor New York University, summer, 1963-1966.
Manuscript consultant University Presses, Princeton, New Jersey. Research associate American Jewish History Center, New York City, 1965-1975. Faculty consultant College Board Educational Testing Service, since 1990.
History grants advisor United States Department Education, 1992-1993. Member New Jersey Board Mediation. Member legal ethics committee Supreme Court New Jersey, district ethics committee, 1997-2001.
Scholar/advisor Museum Jewish Heritage, Woodbine, New Jersey, 2001-2003.
(Hardback book with dust jacket titled IMMIGRANTS TO FREED...)
Academy council American Jewish History Society, Waltham, Massachusetts, 1973-2000, editorial board, 1973-2000. President New Jersey Council for Social Studies, Trenton, 1961-1963. Member American Arbitration Association, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Alpha Theta (councillor 1990-1992), Jewish Federation North Jersey (board member 1994-2005), Jewish Community Relations Council (board member since 2002).
Married Margot Bernstein, August 16, 1953. Children: Cheryl, Lynn, Susan, Aviva.