He moved to Missouri in 1870,and attended a business college in Sedalia, Missouri.
Pringey homesteaded a farm near Chandler when the Sac and Fox lands were opened for settlement in 1891. He was also involved in a loan and insurance business. County clerk of Lincoln County, Oklahoma from 1912 to 1920.
During World War I Pringey served on the Oklahoma Council of Defense and was a four-minute-man speaker.
Elected as a Republican to the 67th Congress, he served from March 4, 1921 to March 3, 1923. While in Congress, he served on three committees, Expenditures in the Department of Labor, Pensions, and Public Buildings and Grounds.
Sometimes called "Uncle Joe," he advocated compensation for soldiers who had served in World War I and called for a tariff to protect the farmer and laborer. An unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 to the 68th Congress, Pringey became Acting postmaster of Chandler, Oklahoma, in 1923 and 1924.
He also resumed his agricultural pursuits.
Pringey died in Chandler, Oklahoma, on February 11, 1935 (age 76 years, 265 days). He is interred in Oak Park Cemetery.
A Republican, he became a member of the Oklahoma Territorial Senate in 1893. He served as member of the board of regents of the University of Oklahoma at Norman in 1893 and 1894, and as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1900.