He attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, and graduated in 1935 with an economic degree.
He met Margaret "Peggy" Winslow on a blind date, in her home town, Indianapolis, on January 1, 1941. She was a sophomore at Wellesley College. He had begun graduate studies in economics at Harvard University.
After several years working at an accounting firm, Fisher was hired by the National Resource Planning Board in 1939.
He was promoted to become an economist for the United States. Department of State in 1942. He was drafted into the United States. Army in 1943 to serve in World World War World War II Fisher returned to the United States once war ended and earned a Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard University.
He was then hired by the Council of Economic Advisors and, after furthering his education at George Washington University, became the senior economist at this organization in 1951. In 1953, Fisher left to found a non-profit think tank known as Resources for the Future, Incorporated.
In 1974, Fisher was elected to Congress from Virginia"s 10th congressional district.
He served for three terms until his defeat at the hands of Republican Frank Wolf in November 1980.
He went on to establish the Economic Policy Department at The Wilderness Society, a United States. non-governmental organization, bringing a first-of-its-kind professional scientific focus to the wildland conservation community. Afterward, Fisher was appointed Virginia Secretary of Human Resources in 1982 and then became an economics professor at George Mason University in 1986. In 1985 Fisher had back pain which was diagnosed as bone cancer and went into remission after treatments, but the cancer returned in early 1991.
He died on February 19, 1992, in Arlington, Virginia, and his ashes where buried at Arlington National Cemetery beside two 2-star generals.