California Institute of Technology.
Early in his career, Charyk consolidated the Central Intelligence Agency, United States Air Force, and United States Navy space programs into the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). He brought the first United States imagery satellite, CORONA, into operation and demonstrated signals intelligence technology from space. During his tenure, the NRO operated the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft and managed development of the A-12.
Charyk served as Chief Scientist of the United States Air Force until he was appointed the Undersecretary of the Air Force.
In 1961 he was appointed by President John F. Kennedy to be the first Director of the National Reconnaissance Office. He later returned to aerospace industry, serving as first president of Communications Satellite Corporation.
Charyk decided to make geosynchronous satellites the basis of the Comsat network. He fought skepticism that this untested technology would not work for voice transmission because of a half-second time delay.
He also raised funds to support this new industry and enlisted the cooperation of countries around the world.
His efforts launched a global system that would eventually seem commonplace to billions of people around the world. While at Comsat, Charyk served as President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman from 1963 to 1985. Charyk earned his bachelors in Engineering and Physics from the University of Alberta and his Doctor of Philosophy in Aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology.
In 1973 Charyk was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering for "basic contributions relating to space flight and leadership in development of communications satellites".