Gaston, Joseph Alfred was born on September 2, 1856 in Honey Brook, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Joseph (Doctor of Medicine and Agnes (Greenbank) G.
Preparatory education Wyoming (Pennsylvania) Seminary and Commercial College. Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1881. Graduated from Army War College, 1912.
Brig. General William L. Haskin (United States of America), May 16, 1903. Commissioned Second lieutenant 8th Cavalry, June 11, 1881. Promoted through grades to brigadier general N.A. (temporary), August 5, 1917.
Engaged against Apache Indians, 1885-1886, against Sioux Indians, 1890-1891. Served in Cuba, 1899-1902, P.I., 1908-1910. Superintendent permanent camps, relief work, San Francisco, 1906.
Commandant Fort Riley, Kansas, 1913-1914. On Mexican border, 1914-1917. Commanded 6th Cavalry, with punitive expedition, Mexico, 1916.
Brigadier general N.A., August 5, 1917. Commanding 165th Depot Brigade, Camp Travis, Texas, until November 22, 1917, 90th Division, November 23-December 27, 1917, 11th Brigade, 6th Division, Camp Forrest, Georgia, December 30, 1917. Translations to 37th Division, Camp Sheridan, Alabama, March 1918, which commanded about 2 weeks.
Commanding Camp Meade, Maryland., June 29, 1918-February 5, 1919. Resumed rank of colonel of cavalry, United States of America, February 5, 1919. Recruiting duty, Philadelphia, February 1919-1920.