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Joseph Jones Reynolds Edit Profile

Military officer , Civil War Veteran.

Joseph Jones Reynolds, American military officer, Civil War Veteran.


Reynolds, Joseph Jones was born on January 4, 1822 in Flemingsburg, Kentucky, United States. Son of Edward and Sarah (Longley) Reynolds.


Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1843.


William P. Bainbridge, 4th United States artillery, December 3, 1846, 4 children. Brevetted Second lieutenant 4th Artillery, United States Army, 1843, served in Texas, 1845-1856. Promoted Second lieutenant, 1846.

Teacher United States Military Academy, 1846-1855. Resigned from Army, 1857. Professor mechanics and engineering Washington University, St. Louis, 1857-1860.

Partner with brother in grocery business, Lafayette, Indiana, 1860-1862. Appointed colonel (April), then brigadier general (May), 10th Indiana Volunteers, United States Army, 1861. Major general United States Volunteers, 1862.

Commanded Cheat Mountain District, 1861-1862. Commanded division in Army of Cumberland, 1862. Served at battles of Hoover’s Gap and Chickamauga.

Chief staff of Army of Cumberland, 1863-1864, at battles of Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge. Commanded Department of Arkansas, 1864-1866. Became colonel 26th Infantry, United States Army, 1866.

Commanded successively District of Texas, 5th Military District of the United States and Department of Texas. Brevetted brigadier general for service at Chickamauga and major general for service at Missionary Ridge, both 1867. Transferred to cavalry, 1872.

Commanded various posts in Indian Territory, 1872-1876. Elected United States senator from Texas, 1871, but declined. Retired, 1877.


Married Mary Elizabeth Bainbridge, daughter.

Edward Reynolds

Sarah (Longley) Reynolds

Mary Elizabeth Bainbridge