Bachelor, University Washington, 1977. Master in Urban Planning, University Washington, 1979. Master of Arts in History, University Washington, 1982.
Doctor of Philosophy in History, Indiana University, 1989.
Instructor, adviser, Indiana U., Bloomington, 1983-1988; assistant professor of history, U. Puget Sound, Tacoma, 1988-1989; assistant professor of history, West Georgia College, Carrollton, since 1989. Adviser Honors Division Indiana U., Bloomington, 1984-1988.