Doctor of Philosophy, University Jyväskylä, 1972.
Headmaster of secondary school, Soini, Finland, 1966-1970; researcher, Institute of Education, Jyväskylä, 1970-1976; professor, Institute of Education, Jyväskylä, 1980-1993; associate professor, U. Jyväskylä, Finland, 1977-1980; professor department teacher education, U. Jyväskylä, Finland, since 1993. Docent U. Tampere, Finland, since 1980.
Member Finnish Association of Educational Research (head 1978, 86).
Married Pirkko Kaarina Hautamäki, June 25, 1960. Children: Tuulikki, Hannu, Aila, Elina.