Bachelor in International Relations, University Iberoamericana, Mexico City, 1986. Master of Arts in International Relations, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, 1991. Master of Arts in Political Science, Institute Political Studies, Paris, 1992.
Postgraduate in political science, Institute Political Studies, Paris, since 1994.
News reporter, Televisa, television news network, Mexico City, 1987-1989; news correspondent, Acirsat, radio, Washington, 1989-1991; news correspondent, Acirsat, radio, Paris, 1991-1993; permanent news correspondent, La Jornada, newspaper, Paris, since 1992.