Doctor of Science in Economics, University Jyväskylä, Finland, 1993. Doctor of Philosophy, University Bristol, England, 1996.
Research director University Jyväskylä, 1995—1998. Director University Helsinki, Vantaa, Finland, 1998—2000. President Turku (Finland) Polytechnic, since 2000.
Lieutenant Field Battery, 1976-1977.
Member management board City of Turku, 2000—2003. Member of Finnish Economic Association.
Married Arja Vähä-Mustajärvi, May 15, 1993. 1 child Ville.